Aomori City, Aomori Prefecture

Special historic

Sannai-Maruyama Site

Designated as a historic site on November 24, 2000

Time division - Early, Middle
Full view of the Sannai-Maruyama Site

Full view of the Sannai-Maruyama Site

This is a large settlement site from the middle of the Early Jomon period to the end of the Middle Jomon period (approx. 3,900 – 2,200 BC), representing the Jomon archaeological sites of Japan. It is located on a 20 m high terrace on the right bank of the Okidate River, at the tip of a rolling hill extending from the Hakkoda mountain system in the southwest part of Aomori City.

The site covers an area of 42 ha, where the remains of pit dwellings and pillar-supported buildings, aligned pit graves, buried pottery, mounds, storage pits, roads and the remains of large buildings are systematically arranged. A great amount of earthenware and stoneware have been unearthed, including approximately 2,000 clay figures (the largest in Japan), animal and plant remains unearthed from low-lying areas that show the dietary life and the environment, and organic remains such as wood products, bones and antler objects, baskets and lacquerware, as well as jade and trading goods like obsidian from distant lands and asphalt.

These unearthed remains and articles present a real picture of stable settlements. However, the analysis of food residues and lifestyles at that time has provided no evidence of agriculture and livestock farming.

Various structures were constructed in the same place for a long time, which means systematic land use. Pollen DNA assays and other research have made it clear that Jomon people were actively engaged in the natural surroundings with Japanese beech and other deciduous broad-leaved trees to maintain and manage the natural resources, and that they established an artificial ecosystem called Jomon satoyama (community-based woods) consisting of useful trees such as chestnuts, walnuts and lacquer trees to sustain their lives.

The way of land use for sustainable settlement by skillfully using natural resources presents an outstanding example of negotiation between humans and the environment.

Library *Click to enlarge.



Basic Information

Display the Sannai-Maruyama Site
on an enlarged map.

Site Location

Sannai-Maruyama, Aomori City, Aomori Prefecture

Facility Exhibiting Excavated Articles

Sannai-Maruyama Site Jomon Jiyukan
Sannai-Maruyama 305, Aomori, Aomori prefecture, 038-0031
017-781-6078 / +81-17-781-6078
Sannai-Maruyama Site
9-00 – 17:00 (last admission: 30 minutes before the closing time)
Golden week, June 1 – September 30: until 18:00
Year-end and New Year holidays (Dec. 30 – Jan. 1)
■~30 min. by car from JR Aomori Station (Ou Line) (municipal bus for Unten Menkyo Center, 300 yen)
■~10 min. by car from JR Shin-Aomori Station (Tohoku Shinkansen Line) (Shuttle de Route Bus Nebutan-go left hand turn, 200 yen)
■~5 min. by car from Aomori IC on the Tohoku Expressway
Access map in Japanese(PDF:468KB)
Sannai-Maruyama Site mascot

Sannai-Maruyama Site mascot


Sannai-Maruyama Historical Site Preservation and Utilization Promotion Office (Jomon Jiyukan), Cultural Properties Protection Division, Aomori Prefectural Board of Education

Sannai-Maruyama 305, Aomori, Aomori prefecture, 038-0031
017-781-6078 / +81-17-781-6078
Check here, too!

Aomori Prefectural Museum

A great number of artifacts that were unearthed in Aomori and are related to the Paleolithic period to the Yayoi period, such as a goggle-eyed clay figurine (replica, Kamegaoka Site), are on display in the archaeological exhibition room (permanent exhibition) of the museum. A variety of projects/special exhibitions are held here.

Hon-cho 2-chome 8-14, Aomori, Aomori prefecture, 030-0802
017-777-1585 / +81-17-777-1585

Aomori Museum of Art

Approximately 10 minutes on foot from the Sannai-Maruyama Site through Jomon Alley. *Jomon Alley is closed during the winter
The Aomori Earth 2013 project expresses the future of Tohoku, which is being recovered after the Great East Japan Earthquake, based on the magnificent cosmic view of the Jomon culture in northern Tohoku.

Chikano 185, Yasuta, Aomori, Aomori prefecture, 030-0021
017-783-3000 / +81-17-783-3000


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